The term "order-in-council" refers to any submission to the Queen's (or King's) Privy Council for Canada -- the active portion of which is the Cabinet -- that gains legislative authority through the governor general's approval. This executive decision-making unit is recognized in the Constitution Act, 1867 as the "Governor General-in-Council," and is usually referred to as the governor-in-council. Over the years, the content and form of orders-in-council have become standardized, particularly as handwritten documents have given way to typescript. However, the conventions for creating an order-in-council remain largely unchanged. Orders-in-council are not discussed by Parliament prior to approval, unlike statutes or acts, which receive scrutiny in the House of Commons and in the Senate in the form of bills. Any number of documents can form the basis for orders-in-council, including memoranda, correspondence, petitions, reports, maps and other material. This supporting documentation is summarized or accompanied by a formal recommendation identifying the Cabinet minister or other authority responsible for the submission, together with a recommendation on behalf of the "Committee" (the Cabinet, formally a committee of the Privy Council) that the submission receive "Your Excellency's approval." The document, with any attachments, is then forwarded to receive the governor general's signature. Although the governor general has the authority to deny his or her approval, by convention the Cabinet's recommendation always is honoured. Until the early twentieth century, a hand-written registry system was maintained to record the dates of submission, consideration and approval for all orders-in-council. A number was assigned to each order-in-council based on the order of submission. Documents that were not forwarded for the governor general's signature, such as petitions or formal reports, were noted in the Privy Council registers, but were maintained as separate records referred to as "dormants." Also closely associated with orders-in-council are "despatches." Filed together with orders-in-council until the establishment of the Secretary of State for External Affairs in 1909, despatches are recommendations that address international or inter-governmental matters. For more information, see the Orders-in-Council Online Research Tool.
Monarchy in Canada|
Canada is a constitutional monarchy.
Both French and British kings and queens have reigned over Canada since 1534. Under Canada's sovereigns, the country has evolved from a French colony to an independent nation.
[incidentally, there is no provision in Canadian law requiring that the king or queen of Canada must be the same person as the king or queen of the United Kingdom] - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monarchy_of_Canada#Federal_constitutional_role
In today's constitutional monarchy, Queen Elizabeth II is Queen of Canada and Canada's Head of State. She is the personal embodiment of the Crown in Canada In Canada's system of government, the power to govern is vested in the Crown but is entrusted to the government to use on behalf of the people. The Crown reminds the government of the day that the source of the power to govern rests elsewhere and that it is only given to them for a limited duration. As an enduring institution, the Crown serves to safeguard Canadians' rights and freedoms. The Crown
The Governor General and the ten Lieutenant Governors represent the Crown in Canada. These distinguished Canadians act on The Queen's behalf. The Governor General carries out many of the duties of Head of State on behalf of The Queen. The Governor General performs many important responsibilities, such as presiding over the swearing-in of the prime minister, the Chief Justice of Canada and cabinet ministers. The Lieutenant Governors of the provinces perform similar duties at the provincial level.
[This is misleading. See the article http://government.insights2.org/CrownTemplars.html. The "QUEEN" is not the "CROWN"! ]
The Crown's role
MORE HISTORY ..... MPs at 'work'